Foundations of Chemistry 1 of 2, A Course from Next Level Homeschool
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This course will be an in depth study of the foundations of Chemistry. My goal is to create a course that is accessible, engaging, and enjoyable for all students. I am NOT going to get crazy with the chemistry math and make a course that requires students to have taken Algeocalcutrig before they take it! That said, there will be quite a bit of math. Students who have completed Pre-Algebra will be able to handle the math in this class. At that stage, they will understand how variables, scientific notation, exponents, percentages, decimals, and units work, and that’s all they really need to know. When there is math involved, I will be detailing out the steps so it is easily understood. Just know that I am not going to include convoluted word problems as part of this course. There will be word problems, but they will be straightforward and easy to understand. Again, my goal is for students to grasp the foundations of chemistry (including the math) without getting bogged down in the tedium of it.
Here is the general outline of the course:
Defining and Measuring Chemistry: We’ll discuss the ancient roots of chemistry, alchemy. From there we’ll define modern chemistry, discuss the scientific method, and learn about the different ways measurements are taken.
Properties of Matter: We’ll discuss what matter is, the different phases, and how matter can change. We’ll then discuss different forms of matter such as mixtures, elements, and compounds.
Unraveling the Mystery of the Atom: We’ll discuss the history that led to the discovery of the atom and the subatomic particles, the functions of each of those particles, isotopes, how to read a periodic table, and the different types of radioactive elements.
Electrons: We are going to focus on the smallest part of the atom, but the most important- the electrons. We’re going to learn how they work, where they’re located, and touch on some quantum mechanics!
Periodic Table and Trends: There’s more to the periodic table than a bunch of symbols and numbers! We’re going to learn why the periodic table is arranged like it is and how to identify properties of elements based on their location in the table.
Elements of the s and p blocks: We will go through the entire list of s and p block elements, focusing on their properties and uses. This is the week we start memorizing the element names and symbols!
Elements of the d and f blocks: Same as week 6, but now we’ll focus on the elements of the d and f blocks. Another week of memorizing the element names and symbols!
Ionic Bonds and Ionic Compounds: Now that we know all of the elements, we’re going to start discussing how atoms bond together. This week we’ll focus on ionic bonds- how they work and how to name the compounds they create. We’ll also cover metallic bonds.
Covalent Bonds: Moving on to the last type of bond- covalent bonds. We’ll discuss how these bonds form, the different types, how to create molecular formulas and structures for them, how to name those molecules, and discuss polarity.
Chemical Reactions: We can now easily predict how elements will bond and what type of bond they will form. Now, we need to combine different molecules and compounds to create chemical reactions! We’ll learn how to write a reaction equation, learn the different types of reactions, and how to properly balance chemical equations.
The Mathy Mole: We’re going to dig deep (pun!) into the world of moles- what they are, why they are important, and how to use them! LOTS of math in this lesson.
Stoichiometry: We’ll discuss the ins and outs of stoichiometry, using the math concepts we learned in Week 11. How can we use those calculations to predict the amount of reactants or products in a chemical reaction? LOTS of math in this lesson. Plus, we’ll finish up the class with a fun lab that will let students get hands on with the process of determining limiting reactants and percent yields!
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